The oral contraceptive pills popularly known as “The pill” is a hormone based drug used to prevent pregnancy. It is used globally by women within the child bearing age. These pills function by preventing ovulation. No egg is produced, hence any sperm that comes in will not see any egg to fertilize, and therefore Pregnancy cannot occur.
These pills all contain synthetic forms of the hormones estrogen, progesterone, or both.
Disadvantages And Effects Of Pills Intake.
1. IN BETWEEN MENSTRUAL SPOTTING:
Spotting is common among takers of these pills. It happens between expected periods, usually within 2 to 3 months of starting to take the pills. It should be noted that the pill is still very active as long it has been taken correctly.
2. BREAST TENDERNESS:
Pills can cause breast enlargement. This normally occurs few weeks after starting the pill.
3. WEIGHT GAIN:
Studies have shown that most users of pills gain weight months after starting to use the pills. However, studies have not found the nexus between pills and weight gain albeit fluid retention can occur around the breasts and the hips.
4. MISSED PERIODS
Some factors such as stress, sickness, distant journey, and hormonal imbalance can cause ones period to be missed even though the pills were taken properly. It is advised that if a period is missed or is lighter than normal, a pregnancy test is recommended before beginning to take the next dose of the pills.
5. DECREASE S*X DRIVE
The hormones contained in the pills can decrease the libido of some people to a bothersome extent. If this occurs, a medical expert should be consulted.
6. VAGINAL DISCHARGE
Changes in vaginal discharge can occur when taking the pills .There may be an increase or decrease in vaginal fluid lubrication or a change in the nature of the discharge . These changes are not usually harmful, but if it comes with color changes or with odor , then a medical help should be sleeked.
MIGRAINE AND NAUSEA : Some people experience headache, mild nausea when first taking the pills but subsides as time goes on. However, if the symptoms persist, a medical guidance should be reached.
Having said these, it is pertinent to state that these birth control pills, do not prevent sexually transmitted diseases, (STDs) . Only a condom can help prevent these types of infections. In 99% rating not 100.